“From Voice to Votes: Electoral Movement, Coalitional Politics and Regime Change in Malaysia” by Lynette Ong

Author: Lynette Ong (Toronto). Abstract: A key obstacle to democratization in competitive authoritarian regimes is the formation of a cohesive and credible opposition coalition. This paper develops a theory to illustrate how a broad-based social movement helps to a) build informal partnership across the otherwise fractured political elites and society; b) informal partnership then contributes […]

“Keep Your Enemies Close: Why Do Dictators Purge or Retain Disloyal Elites?” by Ed Goldring

Author: Ed Goldring (HKUST) Abstract: Why do dictators purge or retain disloyal elites? Existing explanations of purges principally rely on coup threats; we must also, however, account for threats from popular revolutions and foreign states. A dictator is likely to purge a disloyal elite who increases the coup threat, but retention becomes more likely when […]

“The Impact of Education Content on Anti-Immigrant Attitudes” by Boyoon Lee

Author: Boyoon Lee (Penn State). Abstract: While scholars agree that education is a strong predictor of anti-immigration sentiment, the validity of the underlying assumption that the content of education is pro-immigration has rarely been examined. I argue that the driving force behind the anti-immigrant sentiment is not just educational attainment but the content of the education. Educational content […]

“Audience Costs and Media: The Cases of Obama and Truman” by Makito Takei

Author: Makito Takei (University of North Texas) Abstract: Though many studies have studied audience costs since the seminal article by Fearon (1994), evidence in support of audience costs remains mixed suggesting the need for a new context within which to “look for audience costs” (Schultz 2001). I propose that one such place is media. Without […]

“How Do Voters Evaluate the Age of Politicians?” by Charles McClean and Yoshikuni Ono

Authors: Charles McClean (UCSD) and Yoshikuni Ono (Waseda). Abstract: Elected officials tend to be older than most of the constituents they represent. Is this because voters generally prefer older politicians over younger leaders? We investigate this question by conducting two novel survey experiments in Japan where we ask respondents to evaluate the photographs of hypothetical […]

“Dynamic Policy Responsiveness without Democracy” by Ross Buchanan

Author: Ross Buchanan (UT Austin) Abstract: Scholarship has found a dynamic relationship between public opinion and policy in settings with strong democratic features—namely, electoral mechanisms and independent media. Under these conditions, public opinion affects policy, which then feeds back on public opinion. Less is known about this dynamic when democratic features are weak or absent. […]