Loading Events

« All Events

“Tactical Choices of Moderate Violence and the Escalation of Nonviolent Movements” by Pui Fung Law and Myunghee Lee

October 28, 2020 @ 9:00 am 10:00 am JST

Authors: Pui Fung Law (HKUST) and Myunghee Lee (University of Missouri)

Abstract: When do protesters adopt violent tactics? Studies on civil resistance suggest that when dissidents have capabilities to exercise violent tactics and when nonviolence is unsuccessful, dissidents tend to use violent tactics. However, studies that closely trace processes in which a nonviolent movement turns into a violent movement are limited. This study examines the two democracy campaigns in Hong Kong–the Umbrella Movement and the Anti-extradition Bill Movement–and uncovers the escalation process. We find that dissidents accept violent tactics strategically when the previous nonviolence was fruitless and when they are confident that their campaign goal and the use of certain levels of violence will gain the public support. We also find that in facing an “invincible” target, dissidents adopt moderate levels of violent tactics to draw sustained domestic and international attention in the hope of making the target government accountable to those pressures to certain degrees.

Discussants: Christopher Sullivan (LSU) and Minh Trinh (MIT).

Password: The last name of the author of ‘The Evolution of Cooperation’ in lowercase. Please email me or Twitter DM me if you have any problems with the password.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *