“The Impact of Wars on Cultural Tolerance: Evidence from Classical Music Performances” by Masanori Kikuchi
July 28, 2021 @ 9:00 am – 10:00 am JST
Authors: Masanori Kikuchi (Waseda).
Abstract: What impact do wars leave on states’ tolerance toward foreign culture? Do regime types matter in determining the level of such tolerance? It is well-documented that democratic countries, despite their heralded values of liberty and diversity, acquiesce and even promote the practice of cultural intolerance in wartime. The evidence, however, remains either anecdotal or limited to specific contexts and cannot be generalized. This paper investigates patterns of classical music performances before, during, and after the two World Wars, based on the original dataset assembled from program notes of ten renowned orchestras from five countries. Descriptive statistics and Bayesian change-point estimations suggest that the rate of performing pieces originating from belligerent countries shrank in wartime and that the war outcomes affected the degree and speed with which the rate was restored following the wars. These findings demonstrate that states’ security concerns and relative power dictate international transaction patterns, including cultural flows.